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How to Pray the Rosary

The Rosary is made up of "decades". A decade is one "Our Father" followed by ten "Hail Marys" and a "Glory Be". Whilst it is usual to say five decades at a time, it is better to say one decade well, rather than five decades badly.​

Begin with the sign of the cross (here a beginning prayer or petition may be said i.e. Queen of the Holy Rosary Prayer or Memorare).

Pray the "Apostles Creed" holding the crucifix and continue on the straight piece of the Rosary with one Our Father, three Hail Mary’s and a Glory Be.

Then, to start the first decade, pray one Our Father (here, recite the first mystery).

Moving on (counter-clockwise) to the medallion of the Rosary, continue with ten Hail Mary’s and finish each decade with one Glory Be and the Fatima Prayer.

The rosary should be prayed slowly with a cadence or rhythm with time to meditate on each decade and to ask Mother Mary for Her grace and blessing.

By praying five decades of the rosary, you will complete one full circuit of the beads.

To finish, after completing your chosen number of decades, pray the Hail Holy Queen.

The prayer to St. Michael Archangel and the Memorare are very powerful extra prayers.

As you pray each decade, meditate about a story in the life of Mary and Jesus.

There are 20 stories to focus your heart on. Each story is called a mystery. 

Explore the sections below to be able to follow the five Joyful Mysteries, the five Luminous Mysteries, the five Sorrowful Mysteries, and the five Glorious Mysteries.

Prayers of the Rosary

The Apostle’s Creed

I believe in God,

The Father Almighty

Creator of Heaven and earth’

And in Jesus Christ, His Son, Our Lord,

Who was conceieved by the Holy Spirit,

born of the virgin Mary,

suffered under Pontius Pilate,

was crucified, died, and was buried.

He descended into Hell.

The third day He arose again from the dead;

He ascended into Heaven,

Seated at the right hand of the God, the Father Almighty;

From thence He shall come to judge the living an the


I believe in the Holy Spirit,

The holy Catholic Church,

The communion of saints,

The forgiveness of sins,

The resurrection of the body,

And the life everlasting. Amen.

Our Father

Our Father,

Who art in heaven,

Hallowed be thy name;

Thy kingdom come;

Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.

Give us this day our daily bread;

and forgive us our trespasses

as we forgive those who trespass against us;

and leas us not into temptation,

and deliver us from evil. Amen.

Hail Mary

Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee.

Blessed are thou amongst women,

and blessed is the fruit of thy womb Jesus.

Holy Mary, mother of God,

pray for us sinners,

now and at the hour of our death. Amen

Glory be

Glory be to the Father

and to the Son.

and the Holy Spirit,

as it was in the beginning,

is now, and ever shall be,

wold without end. Amen.

Fatima prayer

O my Jesus, forgive us of our sins, Save us from the

fires of hell. Lead all souls into heaven, especially

those who are in most need of thy mercy.

Hail, Holy Queen

Hail, Holy Queen, Mother Mercy, our life, our

Sweetness and our hope! To thee do we cry, poor

banished children of Eve. To thee do we send up our

sighs, mourning and weeping in this valley of tears!

Turn, then, O most gracious Advocate, thine eyes of

mercy toward us, and after this, our exile, show unto

us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus, O clement, O

loving, O sweet Virgin Mary.

V. Pray for us, O Mother of God.

R. That we may be worthy of the promises of Christ.

Let us Pray, O god , whose only-begotten Son, by His

life, death, and resurrection has purchased for us the

rewards of eternal life, grant, we beseech Thee, that

meditating on these mysteries of the most holy

Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, we may imitate

what they contain, and obtain what they promise,

through the same Christ our Lord. Amen.


Remember, O most gracious Virgin Mary, that never

was it known that anyone who fled to thy protection,

implored thy help, or sought thy intercession, was left

unaided. Inspired by this confidence I fly unto thee, O

Virgin of virgins, my mother. To thee do I come,

before thee I stand, sinful and sorrowful. O mother of

The Word Incarnate, despise not my petitions, but it

thy mercy hear and answer me. Amen.

Prayer to St. Michael

Saint Michael, the Archangel, defend us in battle; be

our protection against the wickedness and snares of

the devil. May God rebuke him, we humbly pray; and

do thou, O Prince of the heavenly host, by the power

of god, cast into hell Satan, and the other evil spirits

who prowl through the world seeking the ruin of souls


The Mysteries of the Rosary

Joyful Mysteries

(Prayed on Mondays and Saturdays, and Sundays from Advent until Lent)

The Joyful Mysteries of the Rosary are the first of the four traditional sets of events in the life of Christ upon which Catholics meditate while praying the rosary.

1. The Annunciation

Mary, you received with deep humility the news of the Angel Gabriel that you were to be the Mother of God's Son; obtain for me a similar humility.

2. The Visitation

Mary, you showed true charity in visiting Elizabeth and remaining with her for three months before the birth of John the Baptist; obtain for me the grace to love my neighbour.

3. The Birth of Christ

Jesus, You accepted poverty when You were placed in the manger although You were our God: grant that I may have the spirit of poverty.

4. The Presentation in the Temple

Mary, you obeyed the law of God in presenting the Child Jesus in the Temple; obtain for me the virtue of obedience.

5. The Finding in the Temple

Mary, you were sad at the loss of Jesus and joyous on finding Him surrounded by teachers in the Temple; obtain for me the virtue of piety.

Luminous Mysteries

(Prayed on Thursdays - except during Lent)

The Luminous Mysteries recall to our mind important events of the Public Ministry of Christ through which He announces the coming of the Kingdom of God.

1. Christ's Baptism in the Jordan

Jesus, at Your Baptism the Father called You His beloved Son and the Holy Spirit came upon You to invest You with Your mission; help me to keep my Baptismal Promises.

2. Christ's Self-Manifestation

at Cana

Mary, the first among believers in Christ, upon your intercession your son changed water into wine and brought the diciples to faith; help me to do whatever Jesus says.

3. Christ's Proclamation of

the Kingdom

Jesus, You preached the Kingdom of God with its call to forgiveness. inaugurating the ministry of mercy; help me to seek forgiveness for my sins.

4. The Transfiguration of Our Lord

Jesus, the glory of the Godhead shone forth from Your face as the Father commanded the Apostles to be transfigured by the Spirit; help me to be a new person in You.

5. Christ’s Institution of the Eucharist

Jesus, at the Last Supper, You offered Your Body and Blood as food under the signs of bread and wine and testified to Your love for humanity; help me to attain active participation at Mass.

Sorrowful Mysteries

(Prayed on Tuesdays and Friday and from Ash Wednesday until Easter Sunday)

The Sorrowful Mysteries recall to our mind the mysterious events surrounding Christ's sacrifice of His life so that sinful humanity might be reconciled with God.

1. The Agony in the Garden

Jesus, in the Garden of Gethsemane, You suffered a bitter agony because of our sins; grant me true contrition.

2. The Scourging at the Pillar

Jesus, You endured a cruel scourging and Your flesh was torn by heavy blows; help me to have the virtue of purity.

3. The Crowning of the Thorns

Jesus, You patiently endured the pain from the crown of sharp thorns that was forced upon Your head; grant me the strength to have moral courage.

4. The Carrying of the Cross

Jesus, You willingly carried your Cross for love of Your Father and all people; grant me the virtue of patience.

5. The Crucifixion

Jesus, for love of me You endured three hours of torture on the Cross and gave up Your Spirit; grant me the grace of final perseverance.

Glorious Mysteries

(Prayed on Wednesdays - except Lent and Sundays from Easter until Advent)

The Glorious Mysteries recall to our mind the ratification of Christ’s sacrifice for the redemption of the world, and our sharing in the fruits of his sacrifice.

1. The Resurrection

Jesus, You rose from the dead in triumph and remained for forty days with your disciples, instructing and encouraging them; increase my faith.

2. The Ascension

Jesus, in the presence of Mary and the disciples You ascended to heaven to sit at the Father's right hand; increase the virtue of hope in me.

3. The Descent of the Holy Spirit

Jesus, as You promised, You sent the Holy Spirit upon Mary and the disciples under the form of tongues of fire; increase my love for God.

4. The Assumption

Mary, by the power of God you were assumed into heaven and united with your Divine Son; help me to have true devotion to you.

5. The The Crowning of the Blessed Virgin

Mary, you were crowned Queen of heaven by your Divine Son to the great joy of all the Saints; obtain eternal happiness for me.

Divine Mercy Devotion

God’s love is unlimited and available to each and everyone of us. God is merciful and forgiving.

No matter how great our sins, if we call upon Him with complete trust He will pour his mercy onto us in such a way that not only we will be forgiven but we will also become an instrument of His love.

May we seek the Lord’s mercy with confident trust and may we know how to extend his love and forgiveness to others.

The Divine Mercy Devotion originated in the 1930s and it is based on the writings of Saint Faustina Kowalska. She was a Polish nun of humble origins, in the convent she was assigned to the tending to the vegetable garden and the kitchen. Despite the fact that she received only few years of elementary education - inspired by the Lord - she wrote a diary containing the revelations she received about God’s Mercy.

She wrote: In the evening, when I was in my cell, I became aware of the Lord Jesus clothed in a white garment. One hand was raised in blessing, the other was touching the garment at the breast. From the opening of the garment at the breast there came forth two large rays, one red and the other pale. In silence I gazed intently at the Lord; my soul was overwhelmed with fear, but also with great joy.

After a while Jesus said to me, “Paint an image according to the pattern you see, with the inscription: Jesus, I trust in You. The pale ray stands for the Water which makes souls righteous; the red ray stands for the Blood which is the life of souls. These two rays issued forth from the depths of My most tender Mercy at that time when My agonizing Heart was opened by a lance on the Cross... Fortunate is the one who will dwell in their shelter, for the just hand of God shall not lay hold of him.”

During the course of Jesus' revelations to Saint Faustina on the Divine Mercy He asked on numerous occasions that a feast day be dedicated to the Divine Mercy and that this feast be celebrated on the Sunday after Easter.

During the course of Jesus' revelations to Saint Faustina on the Divine Mercy He asked on numerous occasions that a feast day be dedicated to the Divine Mercy and that this feast be celebrated on the Sunday after Easter.

Jesus asked that the Feast of the Divine Mercy be preceded by a Novena to the Divine Mercy which would begin on Good Friday. He gave St. Faustina an intention to pray for on each day of the Novena, saving for the last day the most difficult intention of all, the lukewarm and indifferent of whom He said, "These souls cause Me more suffering than any others; it was from such souls that My soul felt the most revulsion in the Garden of Olives.”

It was on their account that I said: “My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass me by. The last hope of salvation for them is to flee to My Mercy."

In her diary, St. Faustina wrote that Jesus told her: “On each day of the Novena you will bring to My heart a different group of souls and you will immerse them in this ocean of My Mercy... On each day you will beg My Father, on the strength of My passion, for the graces for these souls.”

The Chaplet of the Divine Mercy can be recited at any time but in particular during the Novena of the Divine Mercy. The Chaplet of the Divine Mercy should be offered each day for the day's intention.

How to pray the Chaplet of the Divine Mercy

(to be recited on ordinary rosary beads)

Make the sign of the Cross

Opening Prayer

You expired, Jesus, but the source of life gushed forth for souls, and the ocean of mercy opened up for the whole world. O Fount of Life, unfathomable Divine Mercy, envelope the whole world and empty Yourself out upon us.

O Blood and Water, which gushed forth from the Heart of Jesus as a fountain of Mercy for us, I trust in You! (repeat 3 times)

First say one Our Father, Hail Mary, and The Apostles’ Creed.

Then on the large bead, say:

Eternal Father, I offer you the Body and Blood, Soul and Divinity of Your Dearly Beloved Son, Our Lord, Jesus Christ, in atonement for our sins and those of the whole world.

On each small beads, say:

For the sake of His sorrowful Passion, have mercy on us and on the whole world.

Repeat the decades five times.

In conclusion, say the following, three times:

Holy God, Holy Mighty One, Holy Immortal One, have mercy on us and on the whole world.

Optional Closing Prayer

Eternal God, in whom mercy is endless and the treasury of compassion inexhaustible, look kindly upon us and increase Your mercy in us, that in difficult moments we might not despair nor become despondent, but with great confidence submit ourselves to Your holy will, which is Love and Mercy itself.

Saint Faustina, pray for us.

Make the sign of the Cross.

Mary’s Way of the Cross


“I am the handmaid of the Lord, let it be done to be as you say.” Those words, some of the very few that Mary speaks in Scripture, set in motion the process of our redemption. Those words also opened for Mary a life which she could never have imagined, one which must have certainly been blest with happiness, as well as great sorrow. Simeon told Mary at the very beginning of her Child’s life that “a sword of sorrow” would pierce her heart. With so little written about Mary in Scripture, one can only wonder about these joys and sorrows.

What was it like for the one person who was perhaps closer to Jesus than anyone else as she daily came to understand her Son’s life? What can we learn from her experience of this process of redemption?

Mary stood by her Son throughout His passion and, in her faith, experienced the joy of His resurrection.

As we reflect on our theme, let us begin this Lenten season walking with Mary’s suffering as she watched her Son.

First Station: Jesus is Condemned

to Die

“We adore you, O Christ, and we praise you, because by your holy cross you have redeemed the world.”


It was early Friday morning when I saw my Son. That was the first glimpse I had of Him since they took Him away. His bruised and bleeding skin sent a sword of pain deep into my heart and tears down my cheeks. Then Pilate, from his chair of judgment, asked the crowd why they wanted my Son executed. All around me they shouted, “Crucify him!” I wanted to plead with them to stop, but I knew this had to be. So I stood by and cried silently.


Lord Jesus, it is hard for me to imagine the anguish your mother felt at your condemnation. But what about today, when I hold a grudge…? “Crucify him!”

“When I judge others…? “Crucify him!” Doesn’t this bring tears of anguish to both you and your mother? Forgive me, Jesus.


Our Father, …. Hail Mary, …. Glory Be ….


Lord Jesus, crucified,

Have Mercy on us!

Second Station: Jesus Takes His Cross

“We adore you, O Christ, and we praise you, because by your holy cross you have redeemed the world.”


Regaining a little strength, I walked with the crowds to the entrance of the square.

A door flew open and my Son stumbled out, the guards laughing behind Him.

Two men dragged over a heavy wooden cross and dropped it on His shoulders.

Then they shoved Him down the road. My pain for Him was unbearable. I wanted to take the cross from Him and carry it myself. But I knew this had to be, so I walked on silently.


Lord Jesus, I beg you to forgive me for the many times I have added more weight to Your cross by closing my eyes to the pain and loneliness of my neighbour.

Forgive me for gossiping about others and for always trying to find excuses to avoid certain people who wish to talk with me. Help me to be like Mary, always seeking to lighten the crosses of others. Forgive me, Jesus.


Our Father, …. Hail Mary, …. Glory Be ….


Lord Jesus, crucified,

Have Mercy on us!

Third Station: Jesus Falls the

First Time

“We adore you, O Christ, and we praise you, because by your holy cross you have redeemed the world.”

I followed close behind my Son as He stumbled toward Calvary. Nothing had ever hurt me more than to see Him in such pain.

I saw the cross digging into His shoulders. My heart dropped when I saw Him fall face to the ground, the heavy cross landing squarely on His back. For a moment I thought my beloved Son was dead. Now, my whole body began to tremble. Then the guards kicked Him. He rose slowly and began to walk again, yet they still whipped Him.

I wanted to protect Him with my own body. But, I knew this had to be, so I walked on and wept silently.

Lord, how often have I seen You fall, and, unlike Mary, have left You there without concern? How often have I seen people make mistakes and laughed at them? How often do I find myself getting angry when someone does things differently than I? Mary offered You her support through your entire passion. Help me to do the same for You by the support I give to others. Lord, have mercy on me.

Our Father, …. Hail Mary, …. Glory Be ….

Lord Jesus, crucified,

Have Mercy on us!

Fourth Station: Jesus Meets His Grieving Mother

“We adore you, O Christ, and we praise you, because by your holy cross you have redeemed the world.”

I had managed to break through the crowd and was walking side by side with my Son. I called to Him through the shouting voices. He stopped. Our eyes met, mine full of tears of anguish, His full of pain and confusion. I felt helpless; then His eyes said to me, “Courage! There is a purpose for this.” As He stumbled on, I knew He was right. So I followed and prayed silently.

Lord Jesus, forgive me the many times our eyes met and I turned mine away. Forgive me the times things did not go my way and I let everyone know about it. Forgive me the times I brooded over little inconveniences or became discouraged and did not heed Your call to courage! Yes, Lord, our eyes have met many times but fruitlessly.

Our Father, …. Hail Mary, …. Glory Be ….

Lord Jesus, crucified,

Have Mercy on us!

Fifth Station: Simon Helps Jesus Carry His Cross

“We adore you, O Christ, and we praise you, because by your holy cross you have redeemed the world.”

I could now see almost complete helplessness on the face of my Son as He tried to carry His heavy load. Each step looked as if it would be His last. I felt His every pain in my heart and I wanted the whole thing to end. Then I noticed some commotion near Jesus. The guards and pulled a protesting man from the crowd. They forced Him to pick up the back of the cross to help lighten my Son’s load. He asked the guards why this had to be. I knew, and so followed silently.

Lord Jesus, I have many times refused to help You. I have been a selfish person who has often questioned your word. Don’t let me remain like Simon, but help me to be like Your mother, Mary, who always silently followed and obeyed


Our Father, …. Hail Mary, …. Glory Be ….

Lord Jesus, crucified,

Have Mercy on us!

Sixth Station: Veronica Wipes the Face of Jesus

“We adore you, O Christ, and we praise you, because by your holy cross you have redeemed the world.”

As I continued close by Jesus, a woman pushed past the guards took off her veil and began to wipe my Son’s sweating, bloody face. The guards immediately pulled her back. Her face seemed to say, “Why are you doing this to him?” I knew, so I walked on in faith, silently.

Lord, this woman gave You the best she could. On the other hand, I have wanted to take more than I give. So many opportunities arise every day for me to give to You by giving to others—but I pass them by. My Saviour, never let me ask why again, but help me to give all I have to You.

Our Father, …. Hail Mary, …. Glory Be ….

Lord Jesus, crucified,

Have Mercy on us!

Seventh Station: Jesus Falls the Second Time

“We adore you, O Christ, and we praise you, because by your holy cross you have redeemed the world.”

Again my Son fell, and again my grief was overwhelming at the thought that He might die.

I started to move toward Him, but the soldiers prevented me. He rose and stumbled ahead slowly. Seeing my Son fall, get up again, and continue on, was bitter anguish to me. But, since I knew this had to be, I walked on silently.

Lord, of all people Mary was Your most faithful follower, never stopping in spite of all the pain she felt for You. I have many times turned away from You by my sins and have caused others to turn away from You. I beg You to have mercy on me.

Our Father, …. Hail Mary, …. Glory Be ….

Lord Jesus, crucified,

Have Mercy on us!

Eighth Station: Jesus Speaks to

the Women

“We adore you, O Christ, and we praise you, because by your holy cross you have redeemed the world.”

I was walking a few steps behind Jesus when I saw Him stop. Some women were there crying for Him and pitying Him. He told them not to shed tears from Him. They had the opportunity to accept Him as the messiah; like many others, they rejected Him instead. He told them to shed tears for themselves, tears that would bring their conversion. They did not see the connection between that and His walk to death. I did, and as He walked on, I followed silently.

My Saviour, many times have I acted like these women, always seeing the faults of others and pitying them. Yet, very rarely have I seen my own sinfulness and asked Your pardon. Lord, You have taught me through these women. Forgive me, Lord, for my blindness.

Our Father, …. Hail Mary, …. Glory Be ….

Lord Jesus, crucified,

Have Mercy on us!

Ninth Station: Jesus Falls the

Third Time

“We adore you, O Christ, and we praise you, because by your holy cross you have redeemed the world.”

This fall of Jesus was agony to me. Not only had He fallen on the rocky ground again, but now He was almost at the top of the hill of crucifixion. The soldiers screamed at Him and abused Him, almost dragging Him the last few steps. My heart pounded as I imagined what they would do to Him next. But, I knew this had to be, so I climbed the hill silently behind Him.

My loving Jesus, I know that many times I have offered my hand to help people but when it became inconvenient or painful to me I left them, making excuses for myself.